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Manicure Case Study for Beauty Students

Beauty Students


Manicure Case Study for Beauty Students

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Written by: Kathryn Danzey

Manicure Case Study

Trolley Set Up

        • Antiseptic wash
        • Nail enamel remover
        • Cuticle massage cream
        • Cuticle liquid remover
        • Buffing cream
        • Chamois buffer
        • Top coat
        • Coloured nail enamels
        • Base coat
        • Emery boards
        • Spatulas (to decant creams)
        • Hoof stick
        • Tissues
        • 3 small towels (1 lined with tissue)
        • Barbacide glass (filled with barbacide & water mix) Cuticle knife, cuticle clippers, scissors & nail clippers placed inside to sterilise
        • Covered orange wood sticks
        • Bowl for cotton wool discs & buds
        • Bowl lined for wastage
        • Bowl lined with tissue for clients’ jewellery
        • 2 x Dappen dishes filled with warm soapy water

Preparation of Work Area

Unfolded table to suitable height, wiped with surgical spirit and covered it with tissue roll

        • Placed a seat either side of table, 1 for client & 1 for myself
        • Wiped trolley with surgical spirit and covered it with tissue roll
        • Trolley placed next to my seat
        • Small towel across table (to dry client’s hands)
        • Small towel folded, lined with tissue & placed in centre of table (to rest client’s hands)
        • Small towel to place on my knee to wipe my hands if needed

My client arrived & I greeted her warmly. I seated my client comfortably and asked if she would read and complete a client consultation form. When my client had completed the form I could also physically check for any contra-indications.

I also asked about my client’s occupation & what home care of the nails she undertook. As a school lunchtime assistant she kept her nails clean & reasonably short, but, as a mum of two young children didn’t really have time to do much more. I asked how she would like her nails to look & she asked for same length, rounded shape with smooth neutral coloured enamel. This consultation allowed me to understand what my client’s needs were and I was able to fill in her record card also.

Manicure procedure-What I did

I offered my client a lined bowl and asked if she could remove her jewellery & place inside.
I washed my hands with antiseptic wash and taking my client’s right hand washed it with antiseptic wash also.
Using nail enamel remover I removed old enamel from my client’s nails, starting with her thumb nail & then little finger to index finger.
Taking an emery board & holding it by the widest angle I held it at a 45 degree angle under the nail plate, firmly holding my client’s finger at either side of the nail I began filing each nail drawing smoothly from the middle of the side to the centre, & repeated on the other side then to the tip.
I explained to my client that filing back & forth can cause nails to split as this motion separates & weakens the nails. Once I had achieved the required length & shape I asked my client if she was happy with the result, she was.
Using a spatula I decanted some cuticle cream & used a dressed orange wood stick to apply to each of her nails, massaged using my thumbs softening the nail cuticle & surrounding area & then placed her right hand into a dappen dish filled with warm soapy water.

Whilst my client’s right hand was soaking I repeated the treatment to my client’s left hand.

After placing my client’s left hand into another dappen dish I removed the right hand from soaking & dried with the prepared towel.

When my client’s right hand was dry I applied cuticle remover, with a covered orange wood stick, to each finger nail & free edge, explaining to my client each stage of the treatment. Working on the nail plate using a cuticle hoof gently pushed the cuticle back & cleaned the free edge of the nail.
Using a cuticle knife, taken from the barbacide, I used small circles flat against the nail from one side to the centre & from the other side to centre to remove any cuticle that was stuck on the nail plate (making sure nail was wet). I returned the right hand back to soak in the dappen dish.

Whilst my client’s right hand was soaking, I took my client’s left hand from its water, dried the hand and repeated the treatment.

After placing my client’s left hand back to soak I left it for a couple of minutes whilst I removed my client’s right hand from the water and dried with a towel. After leaving my client’s left hand soak for a few minutes I removed it from the water also and dried it too with a towel.

After both hands were dry I could check for any loose or jagged cuticle edges. My client had jagged edges on two nails only, which I removed using cuticle clippers taken from the barbacide.
Using a spatula I decanted some buffing paste & with a covered orange stick applied to each nail, smoothing using my thumbs & then buffing each finger nail in one direction with a chamois buffer. I explained to my client that this procedure gave nails shine and smoothness.

Following this I told my client I was now going to massage her hands and arms.

Massage Routine

-Warm hand cream between palms of hand
-Take hold of client’s right hand first
-Effleurage right hand and arm 6 times
-Thumb frictions to Carpal bones
-Thumb frictions to Metacarpals with a deep return
-Turn hand over, thumb friction to Carpal bones inside the wrist
-Zig Zag movements with thumbs over palm of hand with deep returns 3 times
-6 deep stroking movements over Thenar & Hypothenar muscles
-Turn hand over, thumb frictions over each finger working left to right from the top to tip, claw & push to top, half turn & pull back to tip
-Support client’s arm, circle hand clockwise & anti-clockwise, gently ease wrist left, back & right down 6 times
-Alternate kneading to forearm
-Effleurage arm 6 times.

Place right arm back to rest on lined towel & repeat massage to left hand and arm.

Once massage was complete I returned to my client’s right hand and applied oily remover onto a cotton disc & using disc removed any remaining product from each of my client’s finger nails-I repeated this to the left finger nails. This is called ‘squeaking’ the nails! I explained to my client that if the nail plate was not free from products then the nail coats & enamel would not stick well & would produce a poor result. Now the nails had been squeaked they were ready for enhancement, but before I continued I asked my client to take her jewellery from the bowl & put her rings back on so as not to smudge the enamel I was going to apply.

In my client’s consultation she asked for a neutral looking nail enamel, we looked together at the shades of enamel and she chose a bronze 60 second drying enamel. This would be suitable for everyday wear and for employment standards.

Starting with my client’s right hand thumb nail I applied base coat (sticky base for liquid enamel) using only 3 strokes & continued applying to the rest of the fingernails right to left so as not to cross over myself. Once right hand was finished I applied base coat to the left hand using same procedure.

Once the base coat had dried, again starting with the right hand I began applying the bronze nail enamel, using only 3 strokes, thumb first and right to left so as not to smudge the enamel.
I repeated this to left hand using the same technique.
Once the first coat had dried I applied another coat to the right hand & then to the left. I asked my client if she was happy with the depth of colour which she was so I did not need to apply another coat. Once coat had dried I then applied a top coat, again starting with the right hand & then the left hand. I explained that the top coat would protect the enamel from chipping, scratching & help it last longer.
After the application was complete I checked the finished finger nails & noticed two nails had a little enamel on the nail folds so I dipped a cotton bud into the nail enamel remover and gently & accurately removed the enamel from the folds. The finger nails looked very neat & smooth.

The manicure procedure was now complete. I asked my client to sit for a while until the base coat was completely dry as I did want the end result to be smudged & messy.

Client after Care Advice

-Use cuticle cream & moisturiser to keep hands, cuticles & surrounding areas soft so as not to dry when enduring the elements & environmental chemicals.
-Always wear gloves when hands will be in water; washing dishes, using detergents & chemicals.
-Do not file backwards & forwards.
-Use ph soaps

-Don’t over apply varnish & always apply base coat so as not to discolour the nail.
-If nails split they should be mended or cut off to prevent infection or further injury.
-Have a healthy diet as good diet helps with the condition of the nail.
-Drink plenty of water as this helps to strengthen nails.
-Return for a manicure in approx 4-6 weeks (regular manicures will reduce infection, strengthen nails reducing brittleness & keep hands looking smooth, attractive & shapely)

Client Remarks

I asked my client how she felt & if she had enjoyed her manicure. My client said she had felt very comfortable, relaxed & pampered. She was very pleased with the end result & said that I had helped her understand more about nail care by explaining each part of the manicure to her. She said she was also very grateful for the after-care advice and she definitely would return to me for more treatment. I arranged to treat my client again in 5 weeks.

After my client had left I returned my products & implements to their appropriate place & discarded all waste. I wiped trolley & table with surgical spirit & returned them to their appropriate place.

I felt I had done a really good manicure. My client care was friendly & knowledgeable, and my manicure technique was professional. I felt I had assessed my client’s needs & as a result had successfully met my client’s expectations.

About the Author

Kathryn Danzey
I have a passion to bring to you what really works in the beauty industry, from a moisturiser to the latest advanced treatment for anti ageing. After almost 4 decades in the industry I'm packed with info to share but never tire of looking for new things and would love you to share your experiences with us too. We're here to help you find that treatment or product that will make a change for you. Can't do without My Collagen Shots and H3O Night Repair. Love a great serum and UV protection

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